Wish Clauses ( Keşke)

I wish / If only Türkçe de keşke anlamındadır, dilek ve temennileri söylemek için kullanılır. 

İki şekilde kullanımı vardır. 

1. We use wish (if only) + the simple past tense
• to talk about something that we want to be different in the present or the future. We use the past tense but the meaning is present or future.

Gördüğünüz gibi yazım şekli geçmiş zaman olmasına rağmen anlam şimdiki zaman veya gelecek zamanla ilgilidir.
There are a lot of things to do at work. I wish we didn’t have to work today.(but there are a lot of things to do and we have to work today)

I wish I lived in a house by the sea. (I don’t live in a house by the sea)


I wish you would stay with us longer. (but you won’t stay with us longer)


NOTE: In formal English we use WERE instead of WAS with all subjects.
I wish I were a good basketball player.

2.We use wish (If only) + the past perfect tense
• to say that we regret something in the past.

Geçmiş zamanla ilgili keşke demek için cümlede “past perfect tense ” kullanmalısınız. 
I wish I had had enough courage to write you before. (but I didn’t have enough courage to write you before.)


I wish I hadn’t eaten so much last night.


We use wish (If only) + would
• when we want someone or something to change.
I wish that terrible noise would stop.


• when we want something to occur in the future.
Tina wishes her uncle would visit her soon.


• when we want to complain about something or other people’s annoying habits.
I wish my son would stop biting his nails.

NOTE: To talk about our annoying habits, we use could (not would)
I wish I could be tidy.

Put the verbs into the correct form.
1. I went to a party last night but I didn’t like it.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… (I / not/ go)
2. It’s boiling hot today and I don’t like hot weather.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… so hot. (it / not/ be)
3. I didn’t study hard enough and failed in the exam.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… harder. (I / study)
4. I have worked hard all day and now I am very tired to go out with my friends.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… so tired. (I / not / be)
5. I am fed up with my little sister’s crying all the time.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… so often. (she / not / cry)
6. Whatever I do I can’t learn how to use this camera.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… the instructions more carefully. (I /read)
7. People who drop their litter in the streets are really annoying.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… their litter in the streets. (they / not / drop)
8. Not being able to speak English fluently is usually a big problem especially when I am applying for a job.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… English fluently. (I / speak)
9. I teased one of my best friends yesterday and now she doesn’t talk to me.
I wish ……………………………………………………………………… her. (I / not / tease)
10. Mrs. Wellington had her hair cut too short but she is not happy with it now.

She wishes ……………………………………………………………………… so short. (she / not / have)

wish / if only (dilek temenni cümleleri)