THERE İS / THERE ARE

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There is – there are konu anlatımları ve alıştırmalar

  • Türkçe’de ” var ” ya da ” yok ” olarak ifade ederiz
  • a/an, some/any ile birlikte kullanırız.
  • “Some( biraz ,birkaç ) ve any ( hiç ) ” çoğul isimlerle kullanırız.
  • “any” , soru ve olumsuz cümlelerde kullanırız.

thereis

Tekil Çoğul
Olumlu Cümle There is a boy. There are five boys.
Olumsuz Cümle There isn’t a boy. There aren’t five boys.
Soru Cümlesi Is there a boy? Are there five boys?
Kısa Cevaplar Yes, there is. / No there isn’t. Yes, here are. / No, there aren’t.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Olumlu Cümleler

We use there is  (tekillerde kullanılır) for singular and there are (çoğullarda kullanılır) for plural.

  • There is one table in the classroom.
  • There are three chairs in the classroom.
  • There is a spider in the bath.
  • There are many people at the bus stop.

We also use There is with uncountable nouns . (There is sayılamayanlarla da kullanılır)

  • There is milk in the fridge.
  • There is some sugar on the table.
  • There is ice cream on your shirt.

Kısaltma

The contraction of there is is there’s.

  • There’s a good song on the radio.
  • There’s only one chocolate left in the box.

You cannot contract there are. There are kısaltması yoktur. 

  • There are nine cats on the roof.
  • There are only five weeks until my birthday.

Olumsuz Cümle

The negative is formed by putting not after is or are:

  • There is not a horse in the field.
  • There are not eight children in the school.
  • There is not a tree in the garden.
  • There are not two elephants in the zoo.

We almost always use contractions when speaking.

Olumsuz kısaltma:

  • There’s not = There isn’t
  • There are not = There aren’t

There aren’t “any” ile kullanımı

Bir şeyin hiç olmadığını belirtmek için kullanırız. there aren’t any.

  • There aren’t any people at the party.
  • There aren’t any trees in my street.

We also use this structure with uncountable nouns:(sayılamayanlarla kullanılır)

  • There isn’t any water in the swimming pool.
  • There isn’t any sugar in my coffee.

Soru cümleleri

To form a question we place is / are in front of there.

Again we use any with plural questions or those which use uncountable nouns.

We also use there is / are in short answers.

  • Is there a dog in the supermarket? – No, there isn’t.
  • Are there any dogs in the park? – Yes, there are.
  • Is there a security guard in the shop? – Yes, there is.
  • Are there any polar bears in Antarctica? – No, there aren’t.
  • Is there any ice-cream in the freezer? – Yes, there is.

How Many with Are There

If we want to find out the number of objects that exist we use How many in the following form:

How many + plural noun + are there (+ complement).

  • How many dogs are there in the park?
  • How many students are there in your class?
  • How many countries are there in South America?
  • How many Star Wars films are there?

Alıştırmalar:

 

Fill in the blanks with there is or there are.
1. …………………………………..twelve months in a year.
2. …………………………………..a mailbox on the corner.
3. …………………………………..a German book on the shelf.
4. …………………………………..flowers in the library.
5. …………………………………..one boy in the room.
6. …………………………………..clouds in the sky.
7. …………………………………..a flag at the top of the building.
8. …………………………………..four seasons in a year.
9. …………………………………..seven days in a week.
10. …………………………………..only one lamp in the room.

Look at the examples and do the same.
a. There is milk in the bottle. (-) There isn’t milk in the bottle.
b. There are dishes in the kitchen. (?) Are there dishes in the kitchen?
c. Is there a pool in the garden’? (+) There is a pool in the garden.
1. Is there a fridge near the sink? (-) ………………………………………………
2. There aren’t knives on the plates. (+) ………………………………………………
3. There is a watch on the carpet. (?) ………………………………………………
4. Aren’t there balls in the garden? (+) ………………………………………………
5. Is Acre a waiter in the restaurant? (-) ………………………………………………
6. There aren’t bananas in the basket. (+) ………………………………………………
7. Are there students in school? (+) ………………………………………………
8. There is a kite in the sky. (?) ………………………………………………
9. Isn’t there an umbrella near the door? (+) ………………………………………………
10. There aren’t eggs in the basket. (+) ………………………………………………

Answer the questions as in the examples.
a. Are there birds in the garden? (+) Yes, there are.
b. Is there a lion in your garden? (-) No, there isn’t.
1. Are there apples in the basket? (+) ………………………………………………
2. Is there a car near the bus? (-) ………………………………………………
3. Are there pencils in the pencil-case? (-) ………………………………………………
4. Are there flowers in the vase? (+) ………………………………………………
5. Is there a television in this room? (-) ………………………………………………
6. Are there birds in the cage? (+) ………………………………………………
7. Is there a jacket in the suitcase? (-) ………………………………………………
8. Are there curtains on the window? (+) ………………………………………………