Both , either, neither

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Both (her ikisi), Either (ikisinden biri), Neither (İkisinden hiçbiri)

 

“Both, Either ve Neither” sıfatları sayılabilir isimlerle kullanılır. Her zaman iki şey hakkında konuşurken kullanılırlar.

“Both” hem bir isimle hem de tek başına kullanılır ve daima çoğul bir fiil alır.

  • Both my sisters are doctors
  • Both Ali and Mehmet live in İstanbul
  • Both live in İstanbul
  • Both women are from England. (Her iki kadın da İngiltere’lidir.)
  • There was a lot of snow on the both sides of California last year. (Geçen yıl Kaliforniya’nın her iki yakasında da çok kar vardı.)

“Both” cümlenin farklı yerlerinde kullanılabilir. Fiiller yine çoğuldur.

  • Both Mike and Jim have a car./Mike and Jim both have a car
  • The students have both done their homework. (yardımcı fiilden sonra)
  • They can both come here. (modal tardımcı fiilerden sonra)
  • The girls both learn English. (Fiilden önce)

“Both” kelimesi “of” ile tamlama oluşturabilir.

  • Both of my sisters are doctors.   =  Both my sisters are doctors
  • She has eaten both of my apples  =  She has eaten both my apples

Dikkat!

  • Both of them were arrested   = Both them They were both arrested.
  • I invite both of you.             = I invite you both. both you

“Either ve Neither”  iki şeyden bahseder. “either” kelimesi “one or the other” “ biri ya da diğeri” anlamında kullanılır. “neither” kelimesi “ not one and not the other” “ ne bu ne de diğeri değil” anlamında kullanılır ve biraz daha vurgusal anlama sahiptir. Fiil her zaman tekildir.

  • Either candidate is ideal for the job
  • Neither boy is my friend
  • Either student can come to the party. I like both of them. (İki öğrenciden birisi gelebilir. Her ikisini de seviyorum.)
  • My father will go to either mosque tomorrow. (Babam yarın iki camiden birine gidecek.)

“Either ve Neither”  tek başlarına kullanılabilirler.

  • We have two televisions, but neither works properly
  • I have two bicyles. I can lend you either

“Either ve Neither”  kelimeleri “of” ile kullanılabilir. Fiil tekil ya da çoğul olabilir. “neither” olumsuzluk anlamı verir ve fiillin tekrar olumsuz yapılması gerekmez.

  • Neither of my parents likes / like my friends
  • Either of these candidates is / are ideal for the job.
  • Neither car is fast. (İki arabadan hiçbiri hızlı değil.)
  • Neither student knows the answer. (İki öğrenciden hiçbiri cevabı bilmiyor.)

“Either “ ve “ Both”

  • You can’t have either of them (onu ya da diğerini alamazsın. / Hiçbirini alamazsın)
  • You can’t have both of them. ( her ikisini alamazsın sadece birini alabilirsin)

Either & Neither telafuzu

either: /’i:ðə/ OR /’ʌɪðə/
neither: /’ni:ðə/ OR /’nʌɪðə/

Write sentences about yourself and the people you know. You can use any of the tenses you
have learned up till now. Use both………and, neither, both.
1.…………….Mr. Evans…………….Mrs. Evans came to the party. We are very pleased.
2.…………….of the students were hardworking. They got low marks.
3.…………….of us is married. We are very young and it is very early for us.
4.…………….Peter and Marry were at the party. They enjoyed the party very much.
5.…………….of us were very tired. We went to bed early.
6.…………….of the motels (was) were expensive. They were very economical.
7.…………….of us liked Baklava very much. We finished all of it.
8.…………….drivers got out and started shouting at each other.
9.…………….Tim and I could repair the car. It is ready now.
10.…………….Birsen and I have been to Kozan. It is a very nice town.

Combine the following sentences by using either………or……….. .
1. We can go on a picnic. We can play football.
We can either go on a picnic or play football.
2. We are going to study maths or we are going to study physics.
………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. Dick will visit his uncle or he will visit his aunt.
………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. Jim is going to read a magazine or he is going to write a letter.
………………………………………………………………………………………..

Combine the following sentences, using neither……..nor……… .
1. Mr. Morgan hasn’t got a car. He hasn’t got a motorcycle either.
Mr. Morgan has got neither a car nor a motorcycle.
2. Mrs. Evans can’t make a cake. She can’t make an omelette.
Mrs. Evans can make neither a cake nor an omelette.
3. Joan won’t leave early. Gerald won’t leave early, either.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. Students mustn’t smoke in classes. Teachers mustn’t smoke in classes either.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Sheep don’t eat meat. Cows don’t eat meat either.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. Mr. Star hasn’t drunk tea. He hasn’t drunk coffee either.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Ece hasn’t got a bracelet. She hasn’t got a necklace cither.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. Mr. King hasn’t caught any fish. Mr. Forest hasn’t, either.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. Elephants don’t live in Türkiye. Lions don’t, either.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Mr. Palmer hasn’t been to Manchester. Mr. Bevan hasn’t, either
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

 

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